Images: Daniel O'Grady
池田氏1617 - 1641
水谷氏1642 - 1693
安藤氏1695 - 1711
石川氏1711 - 1744
板倉氏1744 - 1871
備中松山城Bitchū Matsuyama Castle is classified as a mountain castle (its layout: Renkakushiki), and is located in Okayama Prefecture. During the pre-modern age, it found itself within the borders of Bitchū Province. It is associated with the Mizunoya, Itakura clans. Dates in use: 1240 - 1874.
This original Edo period castle is not only the highest of all Japan's castles but it is also the shortest. The two-story main tower is accompanied by several turrets which all sitting atop their stone walls. It’s a long, long walk to the top of the mountain but worth it.
It was most unfortunate that major repairs were going on during my visit to the castle. As can be seen in the first picture, the two-story main tower is covered in scaffolding. In addition to restoration of the buildings of the castle, work was being done on several sections of the stone walls.
|1240||Akiba Shigenobu constructed a castle on a nearby peak.|
|1331||The castle was expanded upon to include its current site.|
|1575||The castle falls to the Mōri clan.|
|1600||The Nibori clan become lords of the area after the battle of Sekigahara.|
|1617||The Ikeda clan were transferred here.|
|1641||The Mizunoya clan were transferred here.|
|1695||The Ando clan were transferred here.|
|1711||The Ishikawa clan were transferred here.|
|1744||The Itakura clan were transferred here. Eight generations of the Itakura clan ruled this castle until its eventual decommissioning.|
|1868||The castle surrendered to Imperial forces.|
|1873||The castle was abandoned.|
|Site||National Historic Site|
|Main Tower||Important Cultural Property|
|Nijuu Turret||Important Cultural Property|
|San no Hirayagura Higashi Wall||Important Cultural Property|