松前氏1604 - 1868
松前城Matsumae Castle is classified as a flatland castle, and is located in Hokkaidō. During the pre-modern age, it found itself within the borders of Ezochi Province. It is associated with the Matsumae clan. Dates in use: 1849 - 1875.
Though fortifications had existed here since 1600, this castle was constructed in the mid 1800's and is noted as the last traditionally built Japanese castle. Matsumae was a frontier castle that defended the Tokugawa Shogunate & its people from the native Ainu and, as it turned out, Russian envoys seeking trade.
The sure-footed Honmaru Gomon Gate is the only structure to have survived intact & unmoved since the Edo period. Another notable (and odd) survivor is the Honmaru Omote Goten Genkan (本丸表御殿玄関) - The entrance of the palace of the main enclosure. On the castle grounds two other gates have been rebuilt. An additional two former castle gates have been relocated nearby.
|1600||Fortifications were built. At this time it was known as Fukuyama Tate (Fukuyama Hall.)|
|1637||The buildings of Fukuyama Tate burnt down.|
|1639||Fortifications were once again built.|
|1854||A modern castle was built to replace the older fortifications.|
|1868||The castle was attacked & fell to the Shinsengumi (forces loyal to the Tokugawa clan) after a few hours of fighting & bombardment from ship mounted cannons.|
|1869||The Shinsengumi faction surrendered to Imperial forces.|
|1875||The castle was abandoned. Several buildings including three turrets were torn down.|
|1941||The castle site & it's buildings were designated national treasures.|
|1949||Both the original main tower & the city town hall burnt to the ground.|
|1960||The main tower was reconstructed using concrete.|
|Site||National Historic Site|
|Honmaru Gomon Gate||Important Cultural Property|