Japanese Castle Explorer

by Daniel O'Grady

Imjin War book cover Japanese Castles 1540-1640

Toyama Castle

Images: ©JNTO


Toyama Domain

1600 - 1871

Maeda Clan

100,000 Koku

Toyama Castle is classified as a flatland castle (its layout: Teikakushiki), and is located in Toyama Prefecture. During the pre-modern age, it found itself within the borders of Etchu Province. It is associated with the Sasa, Maeda clans. Dates in use: 1543 - 1871.

This castle was originally built by the Jinbo clan, approximately 50 years later, Maeda Toshii was awarded the area. Major rebuilding took place after a fire in 1609 but had since been damaged by earthquakes & fires. The current main tower dates from 1954.

This castle suffered destruction by fire a many times throughout its life.


1543 Fortifications were built by Mizukoshi Katsushige.
1581 Sasa Narimasa was transferred here & improved upon the established defences.
1585 Sasa's lands were confiscated after defeat by Toyotomi Hideyoshi following the death of Oda Nobunaga. The castle was then abandoned.
1597 The castle was taken over & renovated by Maeda Torinaga.
1599 Toshinaga moved to Kanazawa Castle after his father, Toshiie, died.
1605 Torinaga returned here & the castle was once again renovated, this time as the place of Torinaga's retirement.
1609 A fire destroyed most buildings. Torinaga then moved to Takaoka Castle.
1640 The third generation of the lords of neighbouring Kaga province, Maeda Toshitsune, was transferred here.
1661 The castle was once again rebuilt, this time by Maeda Toshitsugu.
1871 The castle was abandoned.
1954 The main tower was rebuilt. It was modeled after Inuyama Castle.

Historical recognition

SiteNational Historic Site