Japanese Castle Explorer

by Daniel O'Grady

       
The Baur Collection: Japanese Sword-Fittings and Associated Metalwork Castles of the Samurai: Power and Beauty

Yoshida Castle

Images: Daniel O'Grady

吉田藩

Yoshida Domain


松平 (竹谷)
1601 - 1612

Matsudaira (Takenoya) Clan

30,000 Koku

松平 (深溝)
1612 - 1632

Matsudaira (Fukōzu) Clan

30,000 Koku

水野氏
1632 - 1642

Mizuno Clan

40,000 Koku

水野氏
1642 - 1645

Mizuno Clan

45,000 Koku

小笠原氏
1645 - 1697

Ogasawara Clan

45,000 Koku

久世氏
1697 - 1705

Kuze Clan

50,000 Koku

牧野氏
1705 - 1712

Makino Clan

80,000 Koku

松平 (大河内)
1712 - 1729

Matsudaira(Ōkōchi) Clan

70,000 Koku

松平 (本庄)
1729 - 1749

Matsudaira (Honjō) Clan

70,000 Koku

松平 (大河内)
1749 - 1871

Matsudaira (Ōkōchi) Clan

70,000 Koku

吉田城
Yoshida Castle is classified as a flatland castle, and is located in Aichi Prefecture. During the pre-modern age, it found itself within the borders of Mikawa Province. It is associated with the Makino, Ikeda, Matsudaira clans. Dates in use: 1505 - 1871.

Makino Kohaku had the first fortifications built back in 1505. At that time it was known as Imahashi Castle. Eighty-five years later following the defeat of the Hōjō clan of the Kanto region, Toyotomi Hideyoshi had Ikeda Terumasa transferred here. Even ten years of rebuilding efforts by the Ikeda wasn't enough to bring the castle to its planned completion, the Ikeda were transferred to Himeji castle & Yoshida castle was left without a central tower.

Following the Battle of Sekigahara in 1600, the castle town was able to maintain a level of importance as a post town along the Tōkaidō, the all-important link between the capital of Edo & the former capital of Kyōto.

Yoshida Castle is situated along the bank of the Toyo river. It's main enclosure consisted of three three-story turrets, one two-story turret and three entrances. Additional enclosures formed semi-circular rings around the Hon-maru. Several smaller turrets & gates were located along the walls of the outer enclosures. The Kurogane Turret, the only castle structure standing, is a concrete replica and houses items relating to its history.

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Timeline

1505 The castle was built.
1565 At the order of the Tokugawa clan, Sakai Tadatsugu was transferred here. A long-term rebuild of the castle commenced.
1590 The Ikeda clan were transferred here. A long-term rebuild of the castle commenced.
1600 The Ikeda were transferred to Himeji castle before the rebuilding of the castle was complete. It was left without a Tenshu (main tower).
1707 The Honmaru Goten (Palace of the main enclosure) collapsed in an earthquake.
1871 The castle was decommissioned.
1873 A fire destroyed the buildings.
1954 The three-layered Kurogane Turret was rebuilt.