Japanese Castle Explorer

by Daniel O'Grady

Japanese Castles 1540-1640 Imjin War book cover

Kururi Castle

Images: Fujinamiism


Kururi Domain

1601 - 1679

Tsuchiya Clan

20,000 Koku

1742 - 1871

Kuroda Clan

30,000 Koku

Kururi Castle is classified as a mountain castle (its layout: Renkakushiki), and is located in Chiba Prefecture. During the pre-modern age, it found itself within the borders of Kazusa Province. It is associated with the Satomi, Tsuchiya clans. Dates in use: 1456 - 1872.

The layout of Kururi castle's fortifications was fairly typical of the earlier Mountain castle. The main enclosure was built on a narrow peak with further enclosures being built on the ridges radiating from its centre. Some of these additional enclosures were separated by dry moats. At this particular castle there existed an additional enclosure at the foot of the mountain which was encircled by a water-filled moat.

As is too often the case, little of the castle has survived to the present day. The most noticeable survivor is the earthen foundations that belonged to the central tower. Sitting next to this is a replica two-layer tower, its design said to be based upon original diagrams.

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1455 Fortifications were established by the (Kazusa) Takeda clan.
1537 The castle was taken by Satomi Yoshitaka.
1553 The castle was renovated.
1564 The castle fell to the Hōjō clan.
1567 The castle was re-taken by the Satomi clan.
1590 Control of the domain was awarded to the Ōsuga branch of the Matsudaira clan.
1602 The Tsuchiya clan were transferred here.
1679 After three generations of the Tsuchiya clan, the castle was decommissioned.
1742 The Kuroda clan were transferred here, re-establishing the domain.
1872 The domain was once again decommissioned.
1979 The main tower was reconstructed next to its original location.