松前氏1604 - 1868
松前城Matsumae Castle is classified as a flatland castle, and is located in Hokkaidō. During the pre-modern age, it found itself within the borders of Ezochi Province. It is associated with the Matsumae clan. Dates in use: 1849 - 1875.
Though fortifications had existed here since 1600, this castle was constructed in the mid 1800's and is noted as the last traditionally built Japanese castle. Matsumae was a frontier castle that defended the Tokugawa Shogunate & its people from the native Ainu and, as it turned out, Russian envoys seeking trade.
The sure-footed Honmaru Gomon Gate is the only structure to have survived intact & unmoved since the Edo period. Another notable (and odd) survivor is the Honmaru Omote Goten Genkan (本丸表御殿玄関) - The entrance of the palace of the main enclosure. On the castle grounds two other gates have been rebuilt. An additional two former castle gates have been relocated nearby.
|Fortifications were built. At this time it was known as Fukuyama Tate (Fukuyama Hall.)
|The buildings of Fukuyama Tate burnt down.
|Fortifications were once again built.
|A modern castle was built to replace the older fortifications.
|The castle was attacked & fell to the Shinsengumi (forces loyal to the Tokugawa clan) after a few hours of fighting & bombardment from ship mounted cannons.
|The Shinsengumi faction surrendered to Imperial forces.
|The castle was abandoned. Several buildings including three turrets were torn down.
|The castle site & it's buildings were designated national treasures.
|Both the original main tower & the city town hall burnt to the ground.
|The main tower was reconstructed using concrete.
|National Historic Site
|Honmaru Gomon Gate
|Important Cultural Property